What is OSTEOARTHRITIS?

1. WHAT IS OSTEOARTHRITIS?
 Osteoarthritis is a joint disease which results from the wear and tear of the articular cartilage of a joint and the underlying bones.

2. WHAT CAUSES OSTEOARTHRITIS?
Osteoarthritis is as a result of one or a combination of the following:
 Ageing process
 Obesity
 Previous joint injuries
 Abnormal joint or limb development

3. IS IT TRUE THAT YOUNG PEOPLE CANNOT HAVE OSTEOARTHRITIS?
 No, Young people with joint injuries and obesity could have osteoarthritis of the affected joint.

4. HOW DO I KNOW I HAVE OSTEOARTHRITIS?
 There would be pain in the joint, swelling of the joint, early morning stiffness, loss of function in the particular joint and the said joint might be warm to touch.

5. IS OSTEOARTHRITIS RESTRICTED TO ONLY OLD PEOPLE?
 No, Osteoarthritis is not restricted to only old people. Young people with previous joint injuries, abnormal joint or limb development and obesity may also suffer from osteoarthritis.

6. IS OSTEOARTHRITIS A NORMAL CHALLENGE FOR OLD PEOPLE?
 Yes, because as we grow old, degenerative changes are expected to take place especially in the weight bearing joints.

7. DOES OSTEOARTHRITIS AFFECT ONLY THE KNEE? WHAT OTHER JOINT CAN BE AFFECTED BY OSTEOARTHRITIS?
 Osteoarthritis is not only restricted to the knee, it affects mostly weight bearing joints e.g. Knee, hip, ankle, however it could also affect the shoulder, spine and other joints in the body.

8. IS THERE A PERMANENT CURE FOR OSTEOARTHRITIS?
 There is no permanent cure for osteoarthritis as the wear and tear of the cartilage cannot be reversed. However, surgeons might recommend joint replacement in severe cases.

9. WHAT CAN I USE TO RELIEVE THE PAIN THAT COMES WITH OSTEOARTHRITIS?
 You can use pain medications (as prescribed by a doctor), cold or hot compressions and therapeutic exercises to relieve the pain of osteoarthritis.

10. WHY IS TAKING PAIN MEDICATIONS NOT ENOUGH FOR MY OSTEOARTHRITIS?
 Pain medications are not enough in taking care of osteoarthritis because they do not correct the changes that occur in the joint and does not reverse the laxity of the ligaments in the affected joints.

11. HOW DOES PHYSIOTHERAPY HELP IN THE MANAGEMENT OF OSTEOARTHRITIS?
 Physiotherapy helps in the management of Osteoarthritis with the restoration of the joint integrity, improvement in the function of the joint and reduction of the presenting symptoms.

12. IS PHYSIOTHERAPY EVEN IMPORTANT AT ALL IN THE MANAGEMENT OF OSTEOARTHRITIS?
 Physiotherapy is very important in the management of Osteoarthritis in achieving pain reduction, relieving of swelling, and restoration of joint integrity and improvement of joint function.

13. WHAT DO I EXPECT FROM PHYSIOTHERAPY IN MANAGING MY OSTEOARTHRITIS?
 Expectation from physiotherapy includes: alleviation of pain with hot or cold therapies, strengthening exercises to improve muscle strength, mobility exercises to improve joint range of motion, bracing to improve joint stability, and the overall improvement in joint function.

14. DO I STILL NEED TO USE MY DRUGS WHILE UNDERGOING PHYSIOTHERAPY?
 Yes. Where there is moderate to severe pain, drugs might still be needed to compliment the effects of physiotherapy.

15. WILL OSTEOARTHRITIS AFFECT MY ACTIVITIES OF DAILY LIVING?
 Yes. Pain and decreased joint motion could limit activities of daily living such as walking, bathing, sitting in the toilet, entering into the car, climbing the stairs and so on.

16. WHEN DO I NEED SURGERY FOR KNEE OSTEOARTHRITIS?
 Surgery is needed when conservative management has failed and there is severe joint pain, severe loss of movement, sever joint laxity, and there are major limitations in carrying out activities of daily living

KNOW THE SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF LASSA FEVER

Lassa fever is an acute viral haemorrhagic illness caused by Lassa virus, a member of the arenavirus family of viruses. It is transmitted to humans from contacts with food or household items contaminated with rodent excreta. The disease is endemic in the rodent population in parts of West Africa.

Person–to–person infections and laboratory transmission can also occur, particularly in the hospital environment in the absence of adequate infection control measures. Diagnosis and prompt treatment are essential.

Though first described in the 1950s, the virus causing Lassa disease was not identified until 1969. The virus is a single stranded RNA virus belonging to the virus family Arenaviridae. About 80 percent of people who become infected with Lassa virus have no symptoms. One in five infections result in serve disease, where the virus affects several organs such as the liver, spleen and kidneys.

Lassa fever is a zoonotic disease, meaning that humans become infected from contact with infect animals. The animal reservoirs, or host, of Lassa virus is a rodent of the genus mastomys, commonly known as the multimammate rat.” Mastomys commonly known as the “multimammate rat mastomys rats infected with Lassa virus do not become ill, but they can shed the virus in their urine and faeces. Because the clinical course of the disease is so variable, detection of the disease in affected patients has been difficult. However, when presence of the disease is confirmed in a community, prompt isolation of affected patients, good infection protection and control practices and rigorous contact tracing can stop outbreaks.

Symptoms of Lassa Fever
The incubation period of Lassa fever ranges from 6-21 days. The onset of the disease, when it is symptomatic, is usually gradual, starting with fever, general weakness, and malaise. After a few days, headache, sore throat, muscle pain, chest pain, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, cough, and abdominal pain may follow.
In sever cases facial swelling, fluid in the lung cavity, bleeding from the mouth, nose vagina or gastrointestinal tract and low blood pressure may develop. Protein may be noted in the urine. Shock, seizures, tremor, disorientation, and coma may be seen in the later stags. Deafness occurs in 25 per cent of patience partially after one to three months. Transient hair loss and gait disturbance may occur during recovery.

Treatment
The antiviral drug ribavirin seems to be an effective treatment for Lassa fever if given early on in the course of clinical illness. There is no evidence to support the role of ribavirin as post-exposure prophylactic treatment for Lassa fever.
There is currently no vaccine that protect against Lassa fever.

Prevention and control
Prevention of Lassa fever relies on promoting good “community hygiene” to discourage rodents from entering homes. Effective measures include storing grain and other foodstuffs in rodent – proof containers, disposing of garbage far from the home, maintaining clean households and keeping cats. Because mastomys are so abundant in endemic areas, it is not possible to completely eliminate them from the environment.

Family members should always be careful to avoid contact with blood and body fluids while caring for sick persons.

To download more facts about ebola, click here or visit our youtube channel.

Know the signs and symptoms of EBOLA

Know the signs and symptoms of CANCER

Know the signs and symptoms of

Know the signs and symptoms of


copyright (c) 2016 | All rights Reserved | LASUTH.    Powered by ICT - LASUTH